Archive for the ‘metal’ Category

Hematite-Glowing Crystal

Posted: October 17, 2013 in Materiel, metal

Perfect Crystal Flash

Mainly composed of hematite Fe 2 O 3, hematite have a perfect metallic rhombohedral crystals.But more cases, crystals are often biased flat, sheet-like form what is more, some of the sample plate into a cluster composed of rosettes, called iron roses.Sometimes scaly aggregates, called specular hematite.All of these variants hematite crystals are good black but streak, i.e. mineral powders colors are red, the so-called iron is the red kidney-shaped, kidney-shaped radial iron are some aggregates, a kidney-shaped surface.Red is the most crystalline form without earthy hematite color.

Application Value Will Never Fade

Although other metals gradually replaces the iron status, but still the most important iron metal.Hematite is the most economically important minerals.Deposit with the world famous Lake Superior and the United States Bill Clinton, Russia and Brazil Krivoy Iloilo grid step that Swagger Reese.Chinese famous origin of Anshan, Liaoning, Gansu Jingtieshan Daye, Hubei Province, Hunan and Hebei Xuanhua ningxiang.

Iron Roses That You Don’T Know

Hematite is the most economically important minerals.Only a few places, hematite has the perfect metallic rhombohedral crystals.But more cases, crystals are often biased flat, sheet-like form what is more, some of the sample plate into a cluster composed of rosettes, called iron roses .


Piercing Eye Know Chalcopyrite

Main ingredient CuFeS2.Chalcopyrite from its color and streaks were identified.It and gold is similar, but harder than gold high, brittle than gold, gold hardness is 2.5-3; it and pyrite, as in the wild can easily be mistaken for gold, it is called fool’s gold (Fool’s Gold) ; chalcopyrite is widely distributed, with basic and ultrabasic rocks related copper-nickel sulfide or vanadium-titanium magnetite bed, forming a high temperature, and pyrrhotite, pentlandite close symbiotic; Huang Copper often filled accountable or transparent gray garnet ore and other minerals, and magnetite, pyrite, pyrrhotite and other symbiotic.

Chalcopyrite Distribution

The world’s major origin of China Yangtze River, Sichuan-Yunnan region, southern Shanxi Zhongtiaoshan region, Gansu Hexi Corridor, the Tibetan plateau and Chile, South Africa, Zambia, Australia and the United Kingdom Cornwall, Sweden Falun, Czech Schemnitz, Germany Saxony, Freiberg, Spain RioTinto, USA Montana State Butte, Utah State Bingham, Tennessee State Ducktown other places.

Medical Function

Main ingredients: natural copper-containing iron disulfide, where 46.6% of iron, sulfur and 53.4%.Also report that it still contains copper, nickel, arsenic, antimony and other impurities.

Pharmacological action: promote fracture healing.There are reports that use artificial methods to make rabbit femur fracture, daily doses of natural copper and tiger half and half mixture 3g, serving a total of 1.5 months, on fracture healing role in promoting callus showed fast growth, quantity and more mature, flexural strength stronger than the control group.Alone is poor.Copper compound containing natural bone powder to rabbits daily for 3g, serving a total of 2 to 8 weeks, on radial fracture healing role in promoting the healing of the bone and then showed off a large traction than the control group.

Platinum Market Navigation

Posted: September 30, 2013 in Materiel, metal

Platinum = Platina

Platinum is a chemical element, commonly known as the platina. Its chemical symbol is Pt, its atomic number is 78. There are often in natural mineral status in nature, extreme dispersion.

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World Platinum Market

Compared with the western countries economic outlook still uncertain, developing countries as a key enabler to 2012 platinum demand, especially the rapid development of China and India jewelry market, jewelry industry in the global demand for platinum rose to the highest in 3 years, up to 84.8 tons. According to the prediction of the Platinum Guild International, opening and chain retail industry in 2013 the new shopping center expansion, will enable China to platinum jewelry manufacturer and retailer gain more.

Chinese Platinum Market

China is the world’s first platinum jewelry consumption, according to Johnson Matthey “platinum 2012” Interim Yearbook, 2011 China platinum jewelry consumption estimate up to 59.7 tons, up 14% compared with the previous year, Chinese consumers for the platinum jewelry consumption has accounted for the world total demand for platinum jewelry 70%. According to statistics, 8 months of 2012 years ago, at the Shanghai gold (1567.70, -8.20, -0.52%) exchange and by Hongkong’s platinum purchases to the highest in 3 years, almost all the platinum buy for platinum jewelry production, which is mainly influenced by the platinum jewelry manufacturers for the new retail stores to establish inventory drive.

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Emerging Markets In Southeast Asia

For export oriented of Chinese producers, emerging markets in Southeast Asia will be the expansion of platinum products export opportunities. With Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia and other countries for platinum interest tends to be thick, Chinese manufacturers has improved product quality and the positive use of advanced equipment will increase sales advantage. In addition, because of the 2013 global platinum supply may be reduced, which will enable platinum prices tend to remain strong, which led to the investment market for platinum interest.

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Tin Ore In Quarry Plant

Posted: September 30, 2013 in Materiel, metal

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Tin Ore Economic Use

Tin in the metallurgical industry is mainly used in the production of tin plate and various alloys. Tin plate is the main consumption areas of tin, tin consumption accounted for about 40%, it can be used as a container, food and beverage packaging materials, home appliances and battery shell. A small amount of tin lead and antimony composed of low melting point alloy is solder, which accounts for about 20% of the amount of tin. Bearing alloy is tin, lead, antimony, copper. Tin bronze is widely used in many aspects, chemical industry, ship building, money etc.. Tin can and other metal alloy, Babbitt type alloy, titanium alloy. Tin Ore can also used in energy industry, aviation industry and other areas for atoms.

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Tin Ore Prospecting Marks

      • the granite zone or concealed granite area.
      • marble, hornfels, skarn, greisen, tourmalite district.
      • rhyolite, granite, granitic porphyry and near the contact zone, ultramafic rocks, gabbros individual tin rich region.
      • heavy mineral measuring. Because of cassiterite hardness large, insoluble in general acid-base, under natural weathering conditions are quite stable, so often in the heavy minerals in sediments at the bottom.
      • silicified zone, Shi Yingmai, sulfide quartz vein.
      • fracture zone, gossan, chocolate soil (tin bearing skarn, marble weathering soil)
      • fluorine rich rocks and altered rocks. Tin and fluoride complexes of migration, when the tin deposition, fluorine retention in the vicinity of the rock. Therefore, metallogenic fluorine, boron, tin, arsenic, antimony, copper and other abnormal indication of tin and alao predict tin reserves size.

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Russia Rare Earth

Russia’s reserves of rare earth is very big, is mainly associated ore deposit is located in the Kola Peninsula, exist in alkaline rocks in the rare earth containing apatite. The main source of rare earths in Russia is the recovery of rare earth from Apatite Ore, in addition, the Apatite Ore, rare earth minerals are also recyclable of loparite, containing rare earth is 29 ~ 34%. In addition, in Heliebite and Senneier and bastnaesite.

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Russia Rare Earth

Russia’s reserves of rare earth is very big, is mainly associated ore deposit is located in the Kola Peninsula, exist in alkaline rocks in the rare earth containing apatite. The main source of rare earths in Russia is the recovery of rare earth from Apatite Ore, in addition, the Apatite Ore, rare earth minerals are also recyclable of loparite, containing rare earth is 29 ~ 34%. In addition, in Heliebite and Senneier and bastnaesite.

Canada Rare Earth

Canada is a major by-product from uranium in rare earth. Uranium is located in Ontario Province, Brian Delhi Franceschetti Elliot Lake area, is mainly composed of pitchblende, uranium and titanium monazite, xenotime composition, extraction of uranium in the wet, the rare earth is also presented. In addition, with pyrochlore ore in Quebec Province, a region, but also a great potential resources of rare earth. And the island of Newfoundland and Labrador Province, trench Lake mine, also containing yttrium and heavy rare earth is preparing.

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Brazil Rare Earth

Brazil is one of the oldest countries in the world rare earth production, beginning in 1884 to the German output monazite, once was famous in the world. Brazil mineral resources are mainly concentrated in the eastern coastal, from Rio de Janeiro to northern Fortaleza, up to about 643km area, the deposit is large in size.

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Rare earth is composed of 14 elements of nature, as well as the synthesis of elements. The natural reserves of more than 1.5 tons, recoverable reserves of more than 0.88 tons. [2] by the end of 2011 global rare earth reserves, the United States first in the world, the global rare earth reserves accounted for 40%, Russia second accounted for 30%, China accounted for third of the 23%, India accounted for fourth of the 7%.

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China Rare Earth

China is one of the countries in the world rare earth resources of be worthy of the name, amount of rare earth resources has proven reserves of about 65880000 tons. China’s rare earth resources not only abundant, but also has the minerals and rare earth elements in rare earth ore grade and complete, reasonable distribution and other advantages, has laid a solid foundation for the development of Chinese rare earth industry. Rare earth resources in China are very favorable metallogenic conditions, ore deposit types, the distribution of a wide range of single and relatively concentrated.

USA Rare Earth

The United States is the world’s rare earth deposits of rare earth resources stored up, most varieties, of bastnaesite, monazite and choose don’t other minerals main storage is very large, as a by-product of recyclable euxenite, gadolinite and xenotime. California is located in the saint Brady Connaught County Wangtingpasi mine (Mountain Pass), is the world’s largest single bastnaesite, mine exploration in 1949 discovered the radioactive minerals, rare earth content is 5 ~ 10%REO, reserves of 5000000 tons of (accounted for thirteen percent of the world), is a large rare earth ore.

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Australia Rare Earth

Australia is a major producer of monazite, monazite as a by-product in the production of zircon and Jin Hongshi and ilmenite recycled. The placer deposits are mainly concentrated in the western region. Australia also xenotime. Australia may be rare earth resources development and utilization, and located in the central Lanzhou AI Sashan of uranium tailings, South Australia Roxburgh Downes copper, uranium deposit.

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Rare Earth Mine Exploitation

Posted: September 28, 2013 in Materiel, metal

Rare Earth In Brief

According to the amount of rare earth owanship (ore and semi-processed products), China, Russia, the United States, Australia is the world’s four major countries rare earth owner and China ranked first.Rare term legacy of names. Rare earth elements from the late 18th century, began to find that when people often put a water-insoluble solid oxide called soil. Rare earth oxides are generally separated from the state, although very large reserves on Earth, but smelting purification difficult,sems to be rather scarce, named after the rare earths.

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rare earth application

Metallurgical Industry

Rare earth metal silicide or fluoride, added to steel, can rise to refining, desulfurization, and low melting point of harmful impurities and can improve the processing performance of the steel; rare earth ferrosilicon alloy, rare earth silicon magnesium alloy as the spheroidizing agent in the production of rare-earth nodular cast iron, because this kind of ductile cast iron is particularly suitable for the production of special requirements of complex ductile iron, are widely used in automobile, tractor, diesel engine and other mechanical manufacturing industry; rare earth metal added to magnesium, aluminum, copper, zinc, nickel and other non-ferrous alloys, physical and chemical properties of the alloys can be improved, and improve the alloy at room temperature and high temperature mechanical properties.

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Petroleum And Chemical Industry

Molecular sieve catalyst which made of rare earth, has the advantages of high activity, good selectivity, strong ability of anti heavy metal poisoning, therefore it can replace aluminum silicate catalyst for catalytic cracking process; in the production of synthetic ammonia, with rare earth nitrate amount of the catalyst, the gas volume 1.5 times larger than in Ni Al catalyst; synthesis of CIS polybutadiene rubber and isoamyl rubber process, using naphthenic acid rare earth – three isobutyl aluminium catalyst, the excellent product performance, with less equipment hanging plastic, stable operation, after treatment the advantages of short process; composite rare earth oxides can also be used as an internal combustion engine exhaust catalysts, cerium naphthenate is used as a drying agent for paint etc..

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Zinc Ore Family Queue Exhibition

Posted: September 28, 2013 in Materiel, metal

Zinc Ore Vs Willemite

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Willemite is a silicate mineral. A crystalline, granular or fibrous. Can be colorless or greenish yellow, with yellow, brown, and if it contains manganese component is also light red. Having a glass gloss or pearl luster, transparent to translucent. Willemite can be used for extracting zinc. Willemite has a characteristic, when irradiated with ultraviolet light, it will emit yellow-green fluorescence.

Zinc Ore Vs Smithsonite

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Smithsonite colors are white, gray, yellow, blue, green, pink and brown variety, compared with white streaks. Components of zinc, iron or manganese may be replaced by, occasionally in small quantities of magnesium, calcium, cadmium, copper, cobalt or lead replaced. Unlike most similar carbonate minerals dissolved in hydrochloric acid, and will produce bubbles. In the calcite group, calamine belong hardness, a larger proportion. Nature, mostly zinc minerals sphalerite, smithsonite yield relatively less and less. It can be refined zinc in addition to outside, translucent green or green-blue of those, but also as a semi-precious stone jewelry purposes.

Zinc Ore Vs Manganese Willemite

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Manganese willemite mainly produced in the oxidation zone lead-zinc deposits, the Department of secondary minerals zinc, often with hemimorphite, cerussite as symbiotic. Also, see the contact metasomatic deposits with some of their ingredients often contain large amounts of manganese, zinc and red, such as zinc, iron spinel composition.

Zinc Ore Vs Zincite

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Zincite is orange red with dark red light, orange streaks adamantine luster, hexagonal, into dense lumps, depending on its composition and color naming.For the extraction and manufacture of zinc phenol and zinc oxide, zinc chloride, zinc sulfate, zinc nitrate and zinc. In recent years people use zincite as surface acoustic wave devices.

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Chrome Ore Grade In Quarry

Posted: September 27, 2013 in Materiel, metal

In the metallurgical industry, chromite is mainly used to produce ferrochrome and chrome. Chrome ore as steel, ferrochrome expected to add production of a variety of high strength, corrosion resistant, high temperature oxidation-resistant special steel, such as stainless steel, acid-resistant steel, heat resistant steel, ball bearing steel, spring steel, tool steel, etc. .Now let me introduce some chrome ore industrial requirements.

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Metallurgical Grade

Metallurgical grade chrome ore is mainly used for a variety of ferrochrome smelting.
Metallurgical chrome ore in different ways according to the processing (beneficiation and natural mineral) into concentrate (G) and lump ore (K two categories).Metallurgical grade chromite ore smelting chromium can also be used, the current method of smelting chromium and wet two kinds of fire. Chromium using hydrometallurgical requirements: chrome ore or concentrate containing Cr2O3≥38%、Cr2O3/FeO>2、SiO2<12%、Al2O3<10%.

Cast Stone Grad

Diabase for the production of chromium ore, and its quality requirements: Cr2O3 ≥ 10% ~ 20%, SiO2 ≤ 10%.

Chemical Grade

In the chemical industry, mainly for the production of chromium ore dichromate (chromium salts), then it as a feedstock to produce other chromium compound product. Chromium salts of chromium ore industry requirements: Cr2O3 ≥ 30%, Cr2O3/FeO ≥ 2 ~ 2. 5, a few SiO2.

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Refractory Grade

In the refractory industry, chromium ore mainly used to manufacture magnesia-chrome brick, chrome brick and chrome aluminum brick.For the production of refractory chrome ore is divided into two grades. Refractory materials used for the natural level, quality requirements: Cr2O3 ≥ 35%, SiO2 ≤ 8%, CaO ≤ 2%. Two products for the production of chrome brick, chrome brick, quality requirements: Cr2O3 ≥ 30% ~ 32%, SiO2 ≤ 11%, CaO ≤ 3%.These two grades, ORE are required between the 50 ~ 300mm, and the ores are not allowed more than 5 ~ 8mm clip stone.

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Zinc Mine And Market Outlook Analysis

Posted: September 24, 2013 in Materiel, metal

zinc business card

Zinc mining is the process by which mineral forms of the metal zinc are extracted from the earth through mining. A zinc mine is a mine that produces zinc metal. Some mines produce primarily zinc, but some mines produce zinc as a side-product of some metal that has a higher concentration in the ore. Most zinc mines produce zinc and lead or zinc and nickel.

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zinc mining in brief

80% of zinc mines are underground, 8% are of the open pit type and the remainder is a combination of both. However, in terms of production volume, open pit mines account for as much as 15%, underground mines produce 64% and 21% of mine production comes from the combined underground and open pit mining.

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Rarely is the ore, as mined, rich enough to be used directly by smelters; it needs to be concentrated. Zinc ores contain 5-15% zinc. To concentrate the ore it is first crushed and then ground to enable optimal separation from the other minerals. Typically, a zinc concentrate contains about 55% of zinc with some copper, lead and iron. Zinc concentration is usually done at the mine site to keep transport costs to smelters as low as possible.

market outlook

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In the future, with the increased concentration of government policy and planning support, the improved economic situation, the downstream consumption growth and trade integration of industry, these measures will promote the development of China’s lead-zinc market. In the long run, speed up the pace of industrial restructuring, eliminate backward integration industry production and other industries is the direction of future development of Chinese lead and zinc industry, the trend of. The prospects for the industry, the future will be more emphasis on energy-saving emission reduction and environmental protection, at the same time, lead and zinc industry began to turn to the international business.

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